History of the Lithuanian Road Police Service
As early as 1588, the Third Statute of Lithuania wrote: “We establish that the major roads and roads of merchants must, according to the old custom, be so wide as to be one and a half turns (chase – a rod for driving horses or bulls). And a carriage unladen must give way to a carriage, a walk to a rider, a rider to a carriage, and if there is a narrow road, as is the case on bridges and other bad places or in winter when there is a lot of snow, to push ”. Thus, already in the 16th century, albeit succinctly, the traffic order on Lithuanian roads was established quite clearly.
During the reign of the Russian tsar, traffic rules were introduced in Lithuania in 1896, ie in the same year when the first car (a car of the French company Panhard et Levassor) started driving on Lithuanian roads.
In independent Lithuania, the first traffic rules were approved in 1920. February 17 Cars were referred to in these rules as “mechanical power transports”.
Currently, the Road Traffic Rules approved by the Government of the Republic of Lithuania in 2002 are in force. December 11 by resolution no. 1950 (Official Gazette, 2003, No. 7-263).
1932 October 1 The 10th (movement) precinct for traffic management was established in Kaunas, which at that time was the temporary capital (address: Kaunas, Laisvės al. 6). Bronius Matulaitis (transferred from Vilkaviškis county) was appointed the first head of the established precinct.
1939 (after regaining the capital Vilnius) the traffic police will also be established in Vilnius. The same Br. Is appointed the head of the Vilnius Traffic Police precinct. Matulaitis.
During the Soviet occupation, the activities of the State Automobile Inspectorate (VAI) in our republic began in 1945.
After the restoration of Lithuania’s independence in 1991, after reorganization of the militia into the police, the Road Police Board of the Ministry of the Interior was established, and later the Road Police Service.
2001 October 1 The Road Police Service was reorganized into the Traffic Supervision Service, which was a structural unit of the Public Police Bureau. The Service consisted of the Traffic Supervision and Analysis and Planning Divisions and the Traffic Prevention Division, which specialized in areas of activity, as well as a Road Patrol team consisting of three units.
Lithuanian Police Traffic Supervision Service (hereinafter – LPEPT), a specialized police institution, established in 2005. on 1 September, after reorganizing the Chief Board of the Police Department under the Ministry of the Interior and reorganizing the escort team of the Lithuanian Police.
According to the powers granted, LPEPT together with the Police Department under the Ministry of the Interior represents the police in the state traffic safety system, carries out traffic supervision on the roads of the Republic of Lithuania, other special functions assigned by legal acts at the national level and on a non-territorial basis.
The main tasks of the LPEPT are:
- Formation of the police strategy in the field of traffic safety supervision and coordination and control of the implementation of this strategy;
- setting priority directions and measures to improve traffic safety;
- coordination and control of the activities of the national police authorities in the field of traffic supervision;
- prevention of traffic accidents and violations of traffic rules;
- performance of traffic supervision and maintenance of public order on the roads of the Republic of Lithuania;
- escorting and accompanying country leaders and other official delegations;
- prevention of criminal acts and other violations of the law on the roads, control of migration processes according to the competence;
- organization and execution of special police actions in the entire territory of the Republic of Lithuania according to its competence;
- organization and implementation of corruption prevention measures in accordance with its competence.
Traffic enforcement officers across the country pay close attention to preventive work. Together with other institutions, public organizations organize events aimed at promoting traffic safety, traffic safety campaigns, traffic safety lessons in general education schools and other children’s educational institutions. Information is provided to state institutions, insurance companies, media, etc.
LPEPT officers use technical means in their official duties: alcohol meters Alcotest 7410, computer traffic and speed control equipment Trip-Track (with video and audio recording equipment), laser speed measuring devices “Traffi Patrol” and “Video Laveg, ProVida ANPR automatic license plate recognition system, audio-visual equipment and special police equipment: service weapons, light and sound alarms, brake discs, portable and car digital radio stations, etc.
Since 2010 July 1 LPEPT renamed – called Service Lithuania Traffic Police Office (hereinafter – LKPT) (Police Commissioner General of Lithuania in 2010. May 27. Order No. 5-V-428 (Official Gazette., 2010, Nr. 64-3187).
LKPT structure :