Tips for drivers
The seasons, the changing meteorological conditions with them, influence the intensity of vehicle traffic, the speed of driving, on which largely depends not only the probability of an accident, but also its consequences.
Autumn and winter are a rather difficult period for all road users. Well, and the driver of the vehicle is responsible not only for the safety of his own cargo, but also for his job, that is, driving. Drive – hence, anticipate. The ability to predict is one of the most important characteristics of a vehicle driver. The higher the driving speed, the less time is left for monitoring, forecasting and action to avoid danger. A smart driver knows how to choose the driving speed according to the traffic conditions – he drives faster, when possible, slower when necessary.
Every driver should take due account of the fact that in autumn-winter:
► Driving at a much lower speed, keeping a safe (longer) distance to the next vehicle in motion.
► The technical condition of the vehicle (tires, lights, windscreen wipers, washers) must be properly and in advance taken care of.
► There are other road users on the road – pedestrians, cyclists, drivers. So drivers need to be especially careful when driving on the road during the dark hours of the day, in front of pedestrian crossings, on country roads.
► Traffic conditions are constantly changing.
Paragraph 126 of the Road Traffic Rules:
Depending on the speed, the driver must maintain such a distance that he does not collide with the vehicle in front if it is braked, and leave such a space on the side to ensure safe traffic. It is recommended that the distance to the vehicle in front be at least two seconds or at least half the speedometer reading converted to meters, for example at a speed of 70 km / h, the distance must be at least 35 m if the traffic conditions does not require otherwise.
Paragraph 127 of the Road Traffic Rules:
The driver must drive within the speed limit. When selecting the driving speed, the driver must take into account the driving conditions, in particular the terrain, the condition and load of the road and the vehicle, the meteorological conditions and the traffic intensity in order to stop the vehicle to any foreseeable obstacle. It must decelerate and, if necessary, stop if circumstances so require, especially when visibility is poor.
Point 128 of the Road Traffic Rules:
If there is an obstacle or a threat to traffic safety, the driver (if he can notice it) must slow down, even stop the vehicle completely or overtake the obstacle without endangering other road users.
Road Traffic Regulations Chapter XV “Driving Speed”
► In settlements, all vehicles are allowed to travel at a maximum speed of 50 km / h. speed.
► All vehicles may travel at a maximum speed of 20 km / h in the parking spaces. speed.
► It is allowed to drive outside settlements:
cars, motorcycles and tricycles on highways from 1 April. until 31 October. – not more than 130 km / h. speed, from 1 November. until March 31. – at a speed not exceeding 110 km / h on
motorways from 1 April. until 31 October. – not more than 120 km / h. speed, from 1 November. until March 31. – not more than 110 km / h. speed,
on roads with asphalt or concrete surface – not more than 90 km / h. speed, on other roads not more than 70 km / h. speed.
Novice drivers, as well as those who learn to drive , are allowed to drive on motorways and expressways at a maximum speed of 90 km / h. speed, on other roads not more than 70 km / h. speed.
► Liability for exceeding the set speed is provided for in Article 124 of the Code of Administrative Violations of the Republic of Lithuania (Speeding).
The technical condition of the vehicle
(tires, lighting, windscreen wipers, washers, etc.)
Before each journey, the driver must take care of the technical condition of the vehicle he is driving in advance. The Law on Road Safety of the Republic of Lithuania regulates that only technically sound motor vehicles and trailers are allowed to participate in public traffic in our country, except for the cases provided for in the Road Traffic Rules.
Drivers are required to keep in mind that changing car tires is subject to the Road Traffic Rules (paragraph 230): from 10 November. until March 31. the use of motor vehicles and trailers with summer tires is prohibited.
The driver should consult with specialists in this field, depending on the roads he or she usually has to drive on when choosing tires for the winter season. Studded tires should be chosen in cases where you mainly have to drive on suburban, difficult roads.
In the dark of daylight, in the event of poor visibility, it is essential that the vehicle’s lights (dipped-beam and main-beam headlamps, direction indicators, front (rear) fog lamps, position lamps, parking lamps, emergency alarm, stop lamps, reversing lamps) function properly. , glass and side mirror heating, car heating system.
Some practical tips for drivers
(to avoid road incidents in autumn and winter)
► Avoid travel in particularly bad weather. Depending on traffic conditions (rain, snow, flash, poor visibility), choose a safe speed, keep the required distance to another vehicle. Always leave much earlier than, say, summer.
► Check the battery if the design allows it.
► Check (replace) the spark plugs as well as the coolant to prevent them from freezing.
► Replace the windscreen washer water with a suitable concentrate that does not freeze at sub-zero temperatures.
► Check (replace) the squeegees for wear on the brushes.
► Lubricate the door / boot locks, as well as the sealing rubber of the door and the hatch, to prevent them from freezing (freezing) in the event of dampness or cold pressure.
► Have a windscreen wiper. Before driving, be sure to clean the snowy (frosted) glass, the car roof if there is snow on it.
► Replace the fuel / air filters (if it is time to replace, as it is better to do it before winter without waiting for spring).
► Avoid washing the car in excessive cold if it is to be parked outside.
► Avoid leaving the car in the cold for long periods with the parking brake applied.
► Wear warm gloves (keep them in the car’s luggage compartment, use them when clearing snow from the car if necessary, and when driving if the steering wheel is not leather).
► Note that in heavy traffic conditions (traffic jams, slippery roads, other obstacles), more fuel is used.
► When buying tires, pay attention to the year of manufacture: in the entry (stamp) on the tire, the first two digits indicate the week, the other two digits indicate the year of manufacture. The older the tires, the worse their performance.
►► Remember that a motor vehicle (except a moped, motorcycle without a trailer), tractor, self-propelled vehicle must have an emergency stop sign, a fire extinguisher and a first-aid kit.
Every motor vehicle, tractor or self-propelled vehicle involved in traffic must have a brightly colored vest with reflective elements.
Are you a novice driver and violated KET? You have to know that
“Novice driver” means a person who has been entitled to drive a motor vehicle of category A, A1, A2, B, B1 and who has been driving for up to two years.
Novice drivers are issued with a 2-year driving license, which novice drivers will be entitled to exchange for a 10-year driving license without completing additional driver training, provided they have not violated the Road Traffic Regulations for which additional driver training is required or caused an accident within 2 years. the health of the road user was disturbed.
Additional driver training is mandatory for novice drivers who have violated the requirement (s) of the Road Traffic Regulations related to pedestrian duties, bending rules, prohibition of drivers to use mobile communication devices, non-compliance with traffic control signals, as well as use of warning signals, driving at intersections , damage to drivers’ seat belts, motorcycle helmets, speeding in excess of 10 km / h. and driving vehicles with a mild degree of intoxication (from 0 ppm to 0.4 ppm), as well as those who have caused an accident which has adversely affected the health of road users.
A novice driver who has violated the requirement (s) of the Road Traffic Rules for which additional driver training is provided must complete the additional driver training within one year from the date of the violation.
A novice driver who does not complete the additional driver training within one year from the date of the offense loses the right to drive vehicles and his 2-year driving license is not converted into a 10-year driving license. In this case, the novice driver’s license is returned only after passing the driving test and a driver’s license valid for 2 years, which he will be entitled to exchange for a 10-year driving license in accordance with the above procedure.